Types of Homemade Incubators and Their Advantages

Building the perfect homemade egg incubator can be really exciting. The thrill of designing a homemade incubator for chickens is beyond explanation if you are a poultry enthusiast. But without proper knowledge about the different types of improvised egg incubators and their benefits, you should never move ahead with your incubator project. To make your decision easier, we are enlisting different types of homemade incubator for chickens and their benefits.

Every home incubator project starts with choosing the type of homemade egg incubator you are planning to build. The choice depends mainly on the type of raw materials available locally. Some of the most popular homemade incubators are as follows:

  • Kitchen Cabinet Incubator
    You can choose to build a kitchen cabinet incubator when you have an unused kitchen cabinet lying around your home. As you get the basic structure pre-built, building this type of homemade chicken incubator is very easy. All you need to do is assemble other parts and fit it inside the cabinet and you can start the incubation process in a few hours. Moreover, as a kitchen cabinet is professionally-built, such type of incubator looks neat and beautiful inside a home.
  • Styrofoam Incubator
    A Styrofoam incubator is again an extremely easy-to-build incubator that can be created using Styrofoam boxes. These can be found lying around at home and provide great insulation and temperature regulation. As they are really cheap, you can build a homemade egg incubator without spending a fortune using Styrofoam boxes. The best thing about a Styrofoam incubator is ease of building and affordability without an impact on the end result of the incubation process.
  • Cardboard Box Incubator
    If you are a newbie but want to build a homemade incubator for chickens, you can choose to build one for yourself using cardboard boxes, too. Cardboard boxes are equally effective in maintaining the temperature and are very easy to work upon. You can choose to build a cardboard homemade chicken egg incubator of practically any size. You just need to find two boxes that can be molded into the form of an incubator by fitting the necessary equipment inside them and you are ready to start the incubation process by placing chicken eggs.
  • Aquarium Incubator
    An aquarium incubator is a type of improvised egg incubator that can be built with minimum effort. If you manage to get hold of an empty aquarium tank, you just need to fit in everything essential inside the same and you will be ready to work on your incubation project. Aquarium structures are extremely durable, so you can be sure about the effectiveness of such type of a homemade egg incubator. Also, as you can cut the aquarium structure easily using proper tools, it becomes easier to fit the incubation equipment inside such kinds of homemade incubator.
  • Wooden Box Incubator
    If you find a wooden box inside your home, you can also think of converting the same into an efficient homemade chicken egg incubator. Just like a kitchen cabinet incubator, you can cut holes in the box and fit the equipment easily and start your chicken hatching project easily. As wooden boxes come in different sizes, you can source one according to your requirement and hatch any number of eggs without worrying about the lack of space inside the homemade incubator.

In order to succeed in hatching chicken eggs, you need to choose a homemade egg incubator design wisely according to your budget and materials available. From kitchen cabinet incubators to double cardboard box chicken incubator, you can choose a homemade incubator design that is easy and fun to build. Different types of homemade chicken incubators offer specialized benefits when compared to others, but each one of them can promise you efficient results when it comes to hatching a chicken egg.

The Most Comprehensive Shopping List for Making a Homemade Incubator for Chicken Eggs

If you are thinking of making a homemade egg incubator, you would need to gather some supplies and the equipment to build the same. An incubator will help you hatch chicken eggs in your backyard without much effort if you manage to build a working model. With the help of right supplies, you will succeed in making a homemade incubator for chickens with minimal efforts. If you have reached this blog hunting for a shopping list, you will not be disappointed because we have enlisted all the supplies in one place. You just accumulate these and start making a homemade chicken incubator, right away.

The Basics: Equipment Required to Build
Before beginning to think about a homemade chicken egg incubator, you would need some basic equipment to help you with the process. All these things will simplify the homemade chicken egg incubator creation for you. You would need the following equipment and other stuff to make full use of your supplies:

• Marker/Pen
• Wire Cutter
• Knife/Cutter
• Gloves
• Duct Tape
• Drill & Drill Bits

Once you collect these basic equipment and stuff, you can move ahead with collection of main supplies. The supplies will be installed and used in creation of a homemade chicken egg incubator. Every stuff on the list has its own significance and even without one, it would become hard for you to get desired results. But the best part with making a homemade incubator is that you can improvise, experiment and adjust. E.g. if you do not get hold of a lamp assembly to hold the light bulb, you can go to a hardware store and purchase a single bulb holder, instead. So, without much discussion, let’s get ahead with the supplies list.

The Supplies
Once you are clear about the equipment, you should think about collecting main supplies. You will need every one of these and will have to install the same inside the Styrofoam box or structure you choose to build an incubator in. Check around you will get most of these items lying around your home unused. So, start the treasure hunt and accumulate these supplies for building your own homemade incubator for chicken eggs.

• Styrofoam Box (or any other box/cabinet)
• Light Bulb
• Lamp Assembly
• Thermostat
• Computer Fan
• 12V Transformer
• Old Picture Frame
• Styrofoam Cup
• Aluminum Hardware Cloth
• Thermometer
• Salt
• Water
• Plastic Zipper Bag
• Flashlight

Now that you know the list, you must have realized how easy it would be to create a homemade incubator yourself. You can check how to make a homemade incubator in our homemade chicken egg incubator creation process infographic, here.

Places to Shop for Supplies
All the supplies required to make a homemade egg incubator can easily be sourced. Most of these things are found lying inside your home, itself. But if you are not able to find one thing or another, you can go to your local hardware store or grocery shop. You can provide the list to the store owner there and he/she will help you source the stuff. The great thing about all the items on this list is that they are really cheap and easy to find. So, it should not be difficult to shop for these supplies and these will not be heavy on the pocket, too.

So, we have compiled the list for you. Now, it’s time for you to visit a store and gather all the supplies to build an improvised egg incubator for yourself. The whole point of building a homemade incubator for chicken eggs is ease, affordability and power to customize the shape and size of homemade chicken egg incubator. So, stop wasting time and get going. We are sure you will not be disappointed with what you create and the results that will come out in the form of small chicks after the hatching period.

If you are confused about anything related to any item on the list, you can keep browsing our website for additional information about homemade chicken egg incubators. If still something tickles your mind, you can leave your question in comments or contact us. We will help in clearing out your doubts and assist you in the process of building a homemade egg incubator.

How to Hatch Chicken Eggs Easily with Homemade Chicken Incubator?

Hatching a chicken egg using a homemade incubator for chickens can be fun. If you are confused about how will you proceed with the process, we bring to you all the tips and steps that will help you succeed at hatching chicken eggs in your homemade chicken incubator with ease. Stick to these steps and you will never forget how joyful and fulfilling the whole incubation process was for you.

Step 1: Prepare Your Homemade Incubator
Before starting with the hatching process, you will need to prepare your homemade chicken incubator for ideal temperature and humidity. Make sure that you set the temperature to exact 99.5 degrees Fahrenheit. The humidity should be at 40-50% for the first 18 days and 65-75% for the last days. This is a crucial step in ensuring that the embryos do not get damaged.

You will need to watch your homemade incubator for 24 hours before starting the incubation process as the incubator will require at least that time to get temperature and humidity levels at the said levels.

Step 2: Choose Fertile Eggs
Choosing right eggs for incubation is extremely important for the success of hatching process. Make sure that the eggs are clean, well-shaped and of appropriate sizes. If possible, get eggs that have been laid on the same day. If this is not possible, you can search for fertile eggs and even check them before choosing to place in the incubator.
To check if an egg is fertile or not, light up a candle and hold it near to your egg, you will be able to see growth inside the egg easily. Choose the eggs that are fertile and if you are planning to store them before starting the incubation process, place them inside an egg carton with fat side pointed up. Make sure they are stored at a temperature of 50-60 degree F and never choose an egg that has been stored for more than 10 days.

Step 3: Place the Eggs in Homemade Incubator
Generally, incubation period is of 21 days. That means you will have to place your eggs inside your homemade egg incubator for a period of 21 days. But this doesn’t mean you will forget your eggs. You will have to keep a check on the humidity levels and temperature to ensure the right environment for embryo growth. Keep the water dish filled at all the times during the first 18 days to ensure right amount of humidity is present inside the incubator. Also, turn the eggs at regular intervals. You should at least turn the eggs for 3 times in a day for the first 18 days. After day 18, you will have to leave the eggs alone to hatch.

As the humidity has to be increased after 18 days, you will have to refill the water dish to raise humidity levels. Ensure that the conditions are ideal for hatching as ideal temperature and humidity conditions are essential for successful hatching of the eggs.

Step 4: Keep a close watch on the eggs
Once you are through the first 18 days, you will be able to see eggs moving on their own. As the chicks have been formed at this stage, you will have to keep a close watch on them.

Gradually, over a period of next few days, you will see chickens pecking a small hole in the egg shell and hatching out. Don’t rush to pick them up at this stage as they are extremely fragile.

Let them rest for about 6-12 hours and don’t panic seeing them staying at a single place for this period. They require time for their lungs to adjust to breathing in external environment. So, let them be and keep a close watch on them during the period. After 12 hours, let them get dry inside the incubator itself and once they are completely dry, you can take them out to a brooder box for further care.

With these simple steps you can succeed at hatching eggs using your homemade incubator for chickens. If you do not know how to build a homemade chicken egg incubator, you can check out our website for detailed instructions to build one for yourself and start your egg incubation journey with ease. Being a fun activity, incubation can teach you a lot of things. You have to stay punctual, disciplined and dedicated to ensuring that your chickens have the right environment for hatching. Don’t worry, if you are confused about any stage of incubation, you can always take reference from our insightful blogs and infographics that will simplify your incubation journey.

Hatching Eggs at Home using Homemade Chicken Incubator: Silly Hobby or a Wise Move

When people see someone trying to hatch a chicken egg using a homemade egg incubator, they laugh at the prospect, writing it off as a silly hobby. Most people believe that it is impossible to make chicken eggs hatch on their own. As people are accustomed to large-scale, commercial chicken hatcheries, digesting the fact that anyone can build one in their backyard is hard. But is chicken hatching really a silly hobby or a wise move that can teach a thing or two about the process? Let us find out.

Why do people call home incubation a silly hobby?
The young generation is impatient and reckless. That is why anything that appears time-consuming becomes a waste of time for them, instantly. Just like the young generation, elders too do not like people wasting their time on frugal things and issues. This has resulted in the development of a negative image for homemade chicken egg incubators. The people who are against the process of homemade incubation say that:

• Homemade incubation is a messy job
People have all sorts of reasons to cast a vote against a particular thing or event. Generally, when people understand how to make a homemade incubator, they begin realizing it is a messy job. They do not want to get their hands dirty on building a box that might lead to chicken egg hatching. As people are inclined towards off-the-shelf solutions, they do not want to spend time on building a homemade incubator for themselves and continue their ranting about incubation process at home.

• Homemade chicken incubators offer zero results
Many have actually claimed that they built a homemade incubator once but it was not able to bring fruitful results. So, they created a notion that a homemade solution such as a homemade chicken egg incubator never bears fruitful results. They have all sorts of claims and notions that they use to justify their stance. While in reality, a homemade chicken egg incubator, if built properly, promise similar results like any other artificial incubator available in the market. The key is to regulate and maintain the right temperature and humidity that people fail at, turning them negative on homemade improvised egg incubators.

• Waste of time, efforts and money
People say that making a homemade egg incubator, just like any other Do-it-yourself (DIY) activity, is a waste of time, efforts and financial resources. But, in reality, the things one learn from the activity has no tangible value. People say it is better to save time by purchasing chicken from the market if one is fascinated by small chickens but they fail to realize the emotional quotient attached to creating something by hands and seeing it work to bring a living being to this world.

What can someone actually learn from Home Incubation process?
The proponents of homemade chicken egg incubation process on the other hand believe it is a great bonding activity for family. Parents can collaborate with their kids over a homemade incubator project and have fun during summers. Taking care of chicken eggs teaches children the importance of discipline and punctuality while making them aware about the importance of right climate for hatching.

• Great educational project for kids
As mentioned above, making a homemade incubator for chickens is a great educational activity. Children learn different aspects of science, biology and physics while building and taking care of a homemade incubator. A child can use his knowledge gathered from the project to create a science report. Also, the whole process is enlightening for a child at many levels, making him see life in new light.

• Cheaper method of hatching chicken eggs
Homemade incubation is a relatively cheaper process. As most of the materials used to make a homemade chicken egg incubator are found easily, the process is comparatively cheaper than buying a readymade incubator.

• Planned activity with fulfilling results
No matter what haters speak about homemade egg incubation, using a homemade egg incubator promises fulfilling results. One should keep in mind the incubation cycle of chicken eggs and can plan the activity when one wants. Unlike natural incubation that requires a hen to sit on the egg that depends on mood of hen and natural factors, a homemade incubator has the potential to hatch egg anytime.

Definitely, the pros of building a homemade incubator weigh heavier than the cons, making it an interesting hobby. Kids can learn how to make a homemade egg incubator and create a project report for science assignment that will surely help them grab good grades. Moreover, it will help them become more considerate towards other life forms teaching them a lesson in empathy and care. So, why not help them build a homemade chicken incubator and see them happy with their own little chickens.

Things to Keep in Mind before Starting a Homemade Egg Incubator Project

Building a homemade egg incubator and using the same to hatch eggs is a great activity that can teach a lot to kids and even adults. It is a responsibility that you need to fulfill in order to get desired results. There are a lot of things that you will have to keep in mind before starting a homemade chicken incubator project.

Apart from the planning on how to make a homemade incubator, you will have to keep various things in mind. Offering an ideal environment inside a homemade egg incubator is essential for the success of such a project. And to maintain the ideal environment and ensure hatching of healthy chicks, you should keep the following pointers in mind before starting a homemade egg incubator project:


Before placing the eggs in a homemade egg incubator you need to prepare the eggs to improve the chances of hatching. You should make sure that the eggs are not stored for more than 7 days before you start incubating them for hatching. Also, make sure you do not directly put cold eggs in the incubator. Bring them to room temperature before placing them into the incubator. Failing to do so might result in moisture condensation on the shell that can reduce the hatch rate.


It is really important to control humidity inside a homemade incubator for chickens. This prevents loss of egg moisture and supports the incubation process. According to experts, humidity should stay in between 25-60% from the beginning of incubation to the last three days before hatching. During the last three days of incubation, maintaining humidity between 70-80% is recommended for the best results from a homemade chicken egg incubator.

Keep in mind that the local humidity level in your area will affect the amount of water needed inside a homemade egg incubator. Keep water level inside the water dish on the floor to control humidity, effectively.


Turning the eggs is an important part of the incubation process. Experts suggest that you should try to turn the eggs for 4-5 times a day. But even if you cannot turn eggs for 4-5 times, you should at least turn the eggs for 2-3 times every day.

Keep in mind that during the last three days, eggs are not required to be turned as embryos inside the eggs are moving into hatching position. Also, keep the homemade incubator for chicken eggs completely closed during the hatching period to maintain the right temperature and humidity. Just handle the turning process with extreme caution during the first week as developing embryos are extremely delicate with soft blood vessels. Fast shaking and jerking can damage the embryos.


While using a homemade incubator for chickens, you should have a complete control over the temperature inside the incubator. Generally, a temperature of 99.5F should be maintained for hatching the eggs of common birds like chickens, duck, goose, etc. Temperature control is extremely important as too high temperature will kill the embryos and low temperature will hatch the eggs sooner than normal hatching time. This will lead to premature birds that will be sick or weak and will die sooner than healthier birds.


Duration of incubation depends upon the type of egg you are incubating. Usually, if you are incubating a chicken egg, then 21 days is the common duration for incubation. However, humidity, temperature and other factors will lead to variation in the duration of incubation. While using a homemade incubator for chicken eggs, you must keep a check on all the parameters diligently to provide the right environment for incubation and hatching. Also, you must ensure that the egg must hatch in the commonly accepted period for a healthy bird.

A homemade chicken incubator project is a fun activity that you can plan with your kids to teach them about discipline, punctuality, responsibility and at the same time enable them to experience the miracle of life. They will be happy to see chicken eggs hatching in front of their eyes and at the same time understand the importance of ideal temperature and humidity for the hatching process. It can also serve as an ideal school project and they can create a great report as their homework. Maybe, after seeing chickens hatch, they learn to see life in a new light and value their existence as well of others in a better way than before.

So, instead of giving them a chance to glue themselves to the TV screens or gaming consoles, help them build a chicken incubator at home and give them something that they can proudly claim of developing under their supervision. To know more about how to make a homemade incubator, you can check our website for the process.

Fun and Simple DIY Ideas to Make Homemade Egg Incubators

Hatching chicken eggs can be a fun activity for your kids. If you wish to start a chicken incubation project, you need to know how to make a homemade incubator and the materials required for making a homemade egg incubator. If you do not want to create conventional homemade incubators or want simple DIY ideas to make a homemade chicken egg incubator, you have come at the right place. Keep reading to know how you can create a functional homemade incubator using simple things you find in your home.

Though homemade incubators are cheaper than their store counterparts, one can even bring down costs and simplify the process of making a homemade incubator by choosing to build one of the following improvised egg incubators at home:

  • Wood Box Incubator
Wood box incubator

Wood box incubator

Source: http://thepoultryguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Wooden-Box-Incubator.jpeg

A homemade incubator for chickens can be easily built using a large wooden box that can be found in every home. Even if you are unable to get hold of one, you can buy a wooden box at a cheap rate, easily. You just need to connect a bulb, attach a thermometer, and place the water dish before starting to incubate eggs in a wood box incubator. To know how to make a homemade chicken incubator, click here.

  • Cabinet-style Incubator


Cabinet Incubator

Cabinet Incubator
Source: http://thepoultryguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Cabinet-Style-Incubator.jpg

 A cabinet-style incubator is a large incubator that you can easily make using an old, unused cabinet. As cabinets are fancy and large, you can place them anywhere inside your home and customize its capacity by adding more shelves into the cabinet. You can work upon the old cabinet to install a bulb, thermometer, water dish, etc. to complete this type of incubator.
  • Drawer Incubator
Drawer Incubator

Drawer Incubator

Image Source: http://thepoultryguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Drawer-Incubator.jpg

It is interesting how you can create a homemade chicken egg incubator using old drawers in your wardrobe or storage cabinet. You can even buy two old drawers from the market and attach them both to create a drawer homemade chicken incubator without spending a fortune.

  • Styrofoam Broccoli Box Incubator
Styrofoam Broccoli Box Incubator

Styrofoam Broccoli Box Incubator

Image Source: http://thepoultryguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Styrofoam-Broccoli-Box-Incubator.jpg

This is a really cheap idea to create a homemade egg incubator without any hassle. You can check your kitchen or go to a nearby convenience store to get hold of a Styrofoam broccoli box and start building your own homemade incubator by attaching all the paraphernalia required.

  • Wooden Board Incubator
Wooden Board Incubator

Wooden Board Incubator

Image Source: http://thepoultryguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Wooden-Board-Incubator.jpg

Wooden boards are water resistant slabs that can be easily worked upon to create smooth wood furniture. You can get hold of wooden boards at a hardware store at a cheap price and create a homemade egg incubator by cutting and joining the boards easily at your home.

  • Open Styrofoam Incubator
Open Styrofoam Incubator

Open Styrofoam Incubator

Image Source: http://thepoultryguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Open-Styrofoam-Incubator-1024×768.jpg

Homemade incubators made from Styrofoam boxes are quite common and can be easily built without much hassle. This open box Styrofoam incubator can be built easily using an old Styrofoam box that can be worked upon to add a glass screen, light bulb and thermometer. The lid is kept open for proper ventilation in this kind of design.

  • Vanity Cabinet Incubator


Vanity Cabinet Incubator

Vanity Cabinet Incubator

Image Source: http://thepoultryguide.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Vanity-Cabinet-Incubator.jpeg

 You should only try this if you have an unused vanity cabinet at your home. As vanity cabinets are quite costly and look beautiful, you can utilize the broken vanity cabinet by repairing and repurposing it into a homemade incubator for chicken eggs. Vanity cabinets have large storage space and a viewing glass giving you the right start to your homemade egg incubator project.
  • Cardboard Box Egg Incubator

Image Source: https://i2.wp.com/lemonslide.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/6.jpg?resize=550%2C413&ssl=1

This one is also a cheap way to incubate eggs at home. All you need is two empty cardboard boxes, net screen, light socket, bulb, thermometer and some wool to place the chicken eggs. You can place the small box inside the big box and add up wool and newspaper for insulation. Then connect light bulb and start incubating chicken eggs in your own homemade chicken eggs incubator.

There are thousands of materials that you can actually use to create a homemade incubator for chicken eggs. All it takes is a little effort, some time, right tools and a bit of creativity to create an ideal chicken hatching atmosphere and start the process of artificial incubation. So, what are you waiting for? Start making a homemade egg incubator, now.

Pros and Cons of Creating A Homemade Chicken Incubator

A homemade egg incubator is a great way to hatch chicken eggs at home. Being an interesting project, it can teach children and teenagers a lot of things. However, like everything, a homemade chicken incubator, too has its downsides. So before researching about how to make a homemade incubator, you should know all the pros and cons of a homemade chicken egg incubator.

Though chicken eggs hatch naturally, there are a number of artificial ways including the use of homemade chicken egg incubator. If you are planning to use a homemade incubator, you must know everything about a homemade egg incubator. We have enlisted the major advantages and disadvantages of making a homemade egg incubator at home to help you with your decision regarding purchase of a readymade incubator or building a homemade egg incubator.

Benefits of making a homemade chicken incubator

  • Inexpensive

Building a homemade egg incubator is considerably cheaper than purchasing a chicken incubator from the store. As a homemade chicken incubator can be made from recycled items that are generally available at your home, you can start incubation of chicken eggs in a homemade incubator for chicken eggs without spending a fortune.

  • Customized

You can customize every aspect of your homemade egg incubator and make it an improvised egg incubator according to your requirements. This means you will not have to stick to standard number of eggs for incubation like in case of a readymade incubator. You can make your homemade incubator as large and as small as you desire.

  • Eco-friendly

As a homemade chicken incubator can be prepared by recycling available material in your homes, it is much more eco-friendly than factory-made incubators that use fresh materials to manufacture the same. This means that you can reduce your carbon footprint by using a homemade egg incubator. Also, as you know what all items you have used in creating a homemade incubator, this gives you inner satisfaction that nothing will harm the hatched chickens.

Despite the inherent advantages of making an egg incubator at home, a homemade incubator for chicken eggs suffer from a number of limitations, too. Let us look at the cons of making a homemade incubator for chickens.

Limitations of homemade incubator for chickens

  • Hard to maintain temperature and humidity levels

It is really hard to maintain an ideal temperature and humidity levels inside a homemade incubator for chicken eggs. If you compare their ability to maintain the right temperature with factory-made incubators, then you will find out that they are not quite successful in this. However, if you plan your homemade chicken egg incubator diligently and build it meticulously, you can keep a much better control at the temperature and humidity inside a homemade incubator.

  • Low hatch rate

Experts argue about the efficiency of homemade egg incubators. Many claim that a homemade incubator for chicken eggs is not much effective in hatching eggs. Usually, it is said that a homemade incubator suffer from low hatch rates- lower than 50% making it not worth the pain of building one. But there are many reasons for low hatch rates including bacteria, low fertility level of chickens, etc. So, this limitation of homemade incubator for chicken eggs is quite debatable.

  • Time-consuming

It takes a lot of time to build a homemade chicken egg incubator. Unlike incubators available in the market, you have to gather a lot of things, plan for the creation of an incubator and indulge in hard work before the incubator actually starts functioning. Having a fast-paced lifestyle, not everyone can invest so much amount of time and energy in building a solution for hatching chicken eggs. Moreover, sometimes the need to hatch eggs might be urgent, making homemade egg incubator an unviable option.

Chicken incubation is a structured and careful process that requires prior planning. So, if you are planning to incubate chickens for hatching, you need to make a choice regarding an incubator. You can choose a homemade incubator or pick up an incubator from the market keeping your requirements in mind. Moreover, you should always make a mental note of all the advantages and limitation of homemade chicken egg incubators, you can make a decision and go ahead on your chicken hatching journey with hope of getting a great yield from your efforts.

Infographic: Step by Step Guide to Create a Homemade Chicken Incubator

Did you always dream about hatching chicken eggs in your backyard? Want to create a homemade egg incubator for chicken eggs? Building a homemade incubator is not hard when you know how to create one yourself.

Homemade egg incubators are cheap, easy and really effective in hatching chicken eggs if you build them with the right supplies and the correct process. Here are we with the detailed process that will help you build a homemade egg incubator with minimum effort.

Step 1: Get hold of supplies
Before starting with the project, you need to have some basic supplies with you. These raw materials will help you in creating a homemade incubator. You will need the following things to create one for yourself:

• Styrofoam box/cooler
• Light bulb
• Socket for light bulb
• Old picture frame
• Scrap wood
• Aluminum-based hardware cloth
• Thermometer
• Shallow cup (water dish)
• Duct tape
• Old computer fan
• 12V transformer

Step 2: Create a viewing lid
Once you are done with gathering everything, you will need to create a viewing lid in your Styrofoam box. To create a viewing lid take the plastic screen from the old picture frame. Place it on the lid of the box and create an outline. Now cut the box carefully using a knife along the outline to create a hole for fixing the plastic screen. Keep a margin of few centimeters to ensure the plastic screen fixes properly. Now take duct tape to stick the plastic screen and cover the hole.

Step 3: Create a frame
Take another photo frame roughly the size of the Styrofoam box. This frame will be used to create the bottom of the incubator where eggs will be placed. Take an aluminum-based hardware cloth and cover the frame with the same. Place the frame at the bottom of the box to see if it fits properly. Before fixing it take a water dish and place it at the bottom, filling it with water and cover the same with the aluminum cloth-covered frame.

Step 4: Install a light bulb
Once you are done with the bottom frame, it is time to fix a light bulb inside the box. Use a knife to cut a hole in the box. This hole should be big enough to hold a light bulb holder. Now install a 25-watt bulb that would provide required heat to the eggs for hatching. You can create the hole by drilling the box from one side and once you fix the holder, use tape to fix its wire at the side of the box.

Step 5: Connect the bulb to a thermostat
A thermostat will be needed to regulate the temperature. To put it into the circuit, use an 8-inch wire to connect it with the bulb. Fit the same with duct tape. Alternatively, you can think of using a lamp assembly to hold the bulb and thermostat in place.

Step 6: Connect a computer fan in the Styrofoam cooler
You would also need a computer fan in the Styrofoam cooler. Take the 12V transformer and computer fan. Connect the red wire coming out of computer fan to the black wire of the transformer. The black wire of the fan will be connected to the white transformer strip. Secure the connections and install the fan in the upper corner of the Styrofoam cooler.

Step 7: Cut Ventilation Holes
Your homemade incubator would need at least 4 ventilation holes, 2 on either sides. These are essential to create a proper environment inside the incubator. Cut the holes of approximately 1/2 – 1 inch and do not throw away the Styrofoam. The Styrofoam will be utilized in plugging these ventilation holes during the last stage of the incubation process.

Step 8: Adjust the thermometer
Now you need to prepare the thermometer for the homemade incubator. To do this prepare a mixture of ½ cup salt and ¼ cup water. Pour the mixture into a bowl and zip lock the same in a pouch along with a thermometer. Leave the pouch in the room overnight. Make sure that the water should not touch the thermometer.

Step 9: Prepare the incubator for the right temperature and humidity
Now you are ready to prepare your homemade egg incubator for the actual process. First of all, fill the water dish at the bottom with warm water. To maintain temperature, you will be needed to have a constant look on the water dish and ensure it is never empty. Keep an eye on the temperature and humidity level. Temperature should always be maintained at about 99.5F and humidity at 50% during the first 18 days. During the last three days humidity should be at 70%.

Step 10: Stabilize the temperature and humidity statistics
Place the thermometer at the bottom of the water dish. Keep an eye on its reading for two days to know if the incubator has the right temperature and humidity level.

Step 11: Put the eggs inside and wait for them to hatch
Once you are sure about the temperature and humidity levels, take some fertile eggs and place the same on aluminum covered frame. Make sure that the eggs were at room temperature. Keep rotating the eggs periodically and wait for the incubation period to be over to get the desired results.


If you are confused about the process, have a look at the attached infographic that will help you with your endeavor.

The insightful infographic will not only help you with the process but will also help you in accumulating the supplies.
Just go through the infographic and start building a homemade egg incubator as a school project or just for fun.


Infographic_Blog_Homemade Incubator_Step by Step guide to Create a Homemade Incubator