Did you always dream about hatching chicken eggs in your backyard? Want to create a homemade egg incubator for chicken eggs? Building a homemade incubator is not hard when you know how to create one yourself.
Homemade egg incubators are cheap, easy and really effective in hatching chicken eggs if you build them with the right supplies and the correct process. Here are we with the detailed process that will help you build a homemade egg incubator with minimum effort.
Step 1: Get hold of supplies
Before starting with the project, you need to have some basic supplies with you. These raw materials will help you in creating a homemade incubator. You will need the following things to create one for yourself:
• Styrofoam box/cooler
• Light bulb
• Socket for light bulb
• Old picture frame
• Scrap wood
• Aluminum-based hardware cloth
• Shallow cup (water dish)
• Duct tape
• Old computer fan
• 12V transformer
Step 2: Create a viewing lid
Once you are done with gathering everything, you will need to create a viewing lid in your Styrofoam box. To create a viewing lid take the plastic screen from the old picture frame. Place it on the lid of the box and create an outline. Now cut the box carefully using a knife along the outline to create a hole for fixing the plastic screen. Keep a margin of few centimeters to ensure the plastic screen fixes properly. Now take duct tape to stick the plastic screen and cover the hole.
Step 3: Create a frame
Take another photo frame roughly the size of the Styrofoam box. This frame will be used to create the bottom of the incubator where eggs will be placed. Take an aluminum-based hardware cloth and cover the frame with the same. Place the frame at the bottom of the box to see if it fits properly. Before fixing it take a water dish and place it at the bottom, filling it with water and cover the same with the aluminum cloth-covered frame.
Step 4: Install a light bulb
Once you are done with the bottom frame, it is time to fix a light bulb inside the box. Use a knife to cut a hole in the box. This hole should be big enough to hold a light bulb holder. Now install a 25-watt bulb that would provide required heat to the eggs for hatching. You can create the hole by drilling the box from one side and once you fix the holder, use tape to fix its wire at the side of the box.
Step 5: Connect the bulb to a thermostat
A thermostat will be needed to regulate the temperature. To put it into the circuit, use an 8-inch wire to connect it with the bulb. Fit the same with duct tape. Alternatively, you can think of using a lamp assembly to hold the bulb and thermostat in place.
Step 6: Connect a computer fan in the Styrofoam cooler
You would also need a computer fan in the Styrofoam cooler. Take the 12V transformer and computer fan. Connect the red wire coming out of computer fan to the black wire of the transformer. The black wire of the fan will be connected to the white transformer strip. Secure the connections and install the fan in the upper corner of the Styrofoam cooler.
Step 7: Cut Ventilation Holes
Your homemade incubator would need at least 4 ventilation holes, 2 on either sides. These are essential to create a proper environment inside the incubator. Cut the holes of approximately 1/2 – 1 inch and do not throw away the Styrofoam. The Styrofoam will be utilized in plugging these ventilation holes during the last stage of the incubation process.
Step 8: Adjust the thermometer
Now you need to prepare the thermometer for the homemade incubator. To do this prepare a mixture of ½ cup salt and ¼ cup water. Pour the mixture into a bowl and zip lock the same in a pouch along with a thermometer. Leave the pouch in the room overnight. Make sure that the water should not touch the thermometer.
Step 9: Prepare the incubator for the right temperature and humidity
Now you are ready to prepare your homemade egg incubator for the actual process. First of all, fill the water dish at the bottom with warm water. To maintain temperature, you will be needed to have a constant look on the water dish and ensure it is never empty. Keep an eye on the temperature and humidity level. Temperature should always be maintained at about 99.5F and humidity at 50% during the first 18 days. During the last three days humidity should be at 70%.
Step 10: Stabilize the temperature and humidity statistics
Place the thermometer at the bottom of the water dish. Keep an eye on its reading for two days to know if the incubator has the right temperature and humidity level.
Step 11: Put the eggs inside and wait for them to hatch
Once you are sure about the temperature and humidity levels, take some fertile eggs and place the same on aluminum covered frame. Make sure that the eggs were at room temperature. Keep rotating the eggs periodically and wait for the incubation period to be over to get the desired results.
If you are confused about the process, have a look at the attached infographic that will help you with your endeavor.
The insightful infographic will not only help you with the process but will also help you in accumulating the supplies.
Just go through the infographic and start building a homemade egg incubator as a school project or just for fun.